History of Europe Dec 01
ME BRIEFLY OUTLINE THE RECENT
HISTORY OF EUROPE.
EU STATES, SMALL & LARGE:
Dislodged their monarchies
Civil war and revolutions
Accepted new national boundaries
Accepted mass migration from other
Occupation by Germany in the last
People forced to settle in other
countries as minorities
WEAK ECONOMIES, UNSTABLE POLITICAL REGIMES AND INSECURE BORDERS LED TO THE
BIRTH OF THE EU.
OF THE EU, CO-OPERATION & ECONOMIC RE-DISTRIBUTION HAS RESULTED IN:-
STABILITY, DEMORACY 6 PEACE IN THE EU SINCE WORLD WAR II.
COUNTRIES FEEL MORE SECURE IN THE EU AND SUPPORT ENLARGEMENT. ACCESSION
COUNTRIES - POLAND, CZECH REPUBLIC, HUNGARY, SLOVENIA AND ESTONIA CAN
HARDLY WAIT TO BE MEMBERS OF THE EU.
DOES BRITAIN REMAIN EUROSCEPTIC?
Long history of democracy -
Thriving non-EU international
Seat at the UN Security Council
Fourth largest economy in the
Only oil exporter in the EU
ARE OUR MAIN CONCERNS?
Lack of transparency &
Member States dragging their feet
about single open competitive market
Budget allocation as 50% of EU
budget i.e. £30bn is spent on agricultural subsidies
+£2bn; Spain +£1.5bn;
Ireland, Denmark and Portugal are also net beneficiaries.
-£3bn; UK-£1.5bn &
of big EU farmers receive 75% of total subsidy - small farmers lose!
corruption and fraud, especially in the Med countries as Member States are
required to monitor and they do not!
CAN WE DO TO REFORM THE EU?
Introduce competition, reduce
subsidy & repatriate CAP to individual Member States
Encourage higher quality of food
whilst prohibiting import of sub-standard food
Encourage diversity on the farm
and offer rewards for environmental improvement to ensure farming incomes
are stable and rural economies thrive
Ensure compliance in good practice
e.g. animal welfare so that farmers have a level playing field
UK must influence conditions and pace
Employment in agriculture to
Privatisation of state owned
Phased access on immigration into
Establish provision for social
MARKET:- Financial Services
Privatise state owned enterprises
Break cartels in distribution e.g.
Good management of public sector
Minimum interference with trade
Reform EU institutions to
"connect" with citizens
Insist policies are based on
competition giving support to diversity and subsidiarity
EU makes laws that impact on us. The EP has "co-decision" powers
in the internal market, employment, environment, transport, e-commerce.
Vibration Directive; Testing of chemicals and medicines; tobacco sales;
food safety etc.
experience, fair play & justice: LAWS
is in Europe and likely to remain in Europe.
MUST FIGHT OUR CORNER, LEAD IN SHAPING THE FUTURE OF EUROPE AND MAKE SURE
THAT WE WIN!